Guest aukc Posted July 26, 2013 Share Posted July 26, 2013 recently uncovered this booklet from 1962, link to contents - https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.633176623373922.1073741858.136615233030066&type=1&l=80ecee28feIn 1991 the 30 millionth Pontiac, like every FWD Bonneville except the GXP, rolled off the assembly line powered by a Buick 231 cubic inch V-6. That engine was based on an engine design already 30 years old at that time; it is now over 50 years ago since Buick introduced their V-6. I am not aware this booklet was ever reprinted, so I believe this is an original from the batch of booklets that was intended mainly for distribution at the 1962 SAE Congress and Exposition at the presentation by Joseph Turlay and Clifford Studaker on the new Buick Fireball V-6, which was held in January 1962 at the Cobo Hall in Detroit. Joseph Turlay headed antisubmarine devices research in Scotland during WWII, having refused to work on the Manhattan Project. At Buick as chief of engine design, he led the development of the Buick V-8 “nailhead” introduced for 1953 and later was responsible for preparing the advanced 215 cu in aluminum V-8 for production. General Motors had started design work on an aluminum V-8 and in 1958 the project was turned over to Buick for final design and production engineering. Realizing how expensive the aluminum V-8 was to produce, Joseph developed the idea of a 90 degree cast-iron V-6 based on the 215 aluminum V-8 and worked it out on paper before getting corporate approval. His proposal to Buick General Manager Edward D Rollert was accepted and in 1960 the V-6 development program officially started. The result was a 196 cu in engine that generated 135 hp using the rating system of that time. Less than 2 years after the development program began, the engine was introduced in model year 1962 in the Buick Special, which was selected by Motor Trend Magazine as Car of the Year. By 1964 the 215 aluminum V-8 was discontinued by GM. It had been introduced in model year 1961 and “only” 750,000 had been sold over the next 3 model years. Britain’s Rover Corporation approached GM about taking over the engine and eventually a deal was made and GM sold all rights to the engine (and 39 assembled engines) to Rover. Rover was also able to negotiate that Joseph would retire from Buick and come to England to help them get the aluminum V-8 engine into production. Unfortunately Joseph did not live to see the Buick V-6 named one of the top 10 best engines in the world, as it was so recognized in 1995 (and again in 1996 and 1997) by Wards Autoworld. Joseph Turlay had past away in 1985 at age 80. Clifford “Cliff” Studaker flew B-17’s in WWII and was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. One of his first assignments at Buick, while still a student engineer, was working with Joseph on the design of the Buick nailhead. He stayed at Buick for many years after the introduction of the V-6. He was still at Buick in 1973 when the oil crisis made fuel economy a hot topic and GM remembered the engine they no longer owned, after having sold it to Kaiser and having moved all the tooling to Toledo Ohio so Kaiser could build engines for Jeeps in the mid-1960’s. He was there when Buick engineers went to a local junk yard to find an original V-6, refurbish it, install it in a then current Buick Apollo and test it. By this time American Motors owned the tooling but they were no longer producing the V-6 engine. It was Cliff that traveled with GM president Ed Cole in that V-6 equiped Apollo to the initial meeting with American Motors to negotiate American Motors building these V-6’s and selling completed engines to GM. The negotiations evolved from there and in April 1974 Buick repurchased the tooling and installed it back in Flint North Factory 36 where it belonged. The tooling was installed in the original mounts which were found by chipping away the concrete that had been poured over them after the tooling had been removed 7 years earlier. Production began in August 1974. Cliff worked on the split-pin crank that resulted in even firing intervals which was delivered in 1977. Clifford Studaker retired from Buick in 1980. Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
Create an account or sign in to comment
You need to be a member in order to leave a comment
Create an account
Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!Register a new account
Already have an account? Sign in here.Sign In Now