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Showing content with the highest reputation on 04/06/2020 in Posts

  1. 8 points
    Please stop the magical thinking. While you are correct in that more testing will help bring more data, the data we have now shows this virus is far more contagious than the ebola and influenza viruses. (I hope the reports you're reading discuss the R0 of the virus.) The testing to be done will most likely show that the extent of this contagion is virtually unknown. It won't be anytime this year that we'll have any solid understanding of the impact. (e.g. Just in this morning's news out of Houston the hospitals are becoming overwhelmed, but the official numbers are not indicating any surge of cases.) Before this is over, every person in this country will either know someone who has contracted this virus, or will have contracted this virus themselves. It is not like the flu. I've had 2 friends of mine die from COVID-19 so far. One the same age (64,) the other several years younger. Both were in excellent shape, the younger an athlete. Don't make the mistake and think you're invincible. While it's accurate to quote the stats, you don't want to be one of those stats. Bottom line is we will not have any real expectation of having a large gathering of people this year. It won't be until a vaccine is developed and we get the knowledge of how to treat the disease that it will be reasonable to expect to resume such activities. The meet should be canceled. As someone above said "Plan for the worst, hope for the best."
  2. 5 points
    Did valve cover gaskets on my 65 this weekend and a little BillHirsch spray bomb touch up on the 70k mile engine. Not too bad from a spray can. Need to pull the intake and carb next so I can paint the intake and valley pan cover, and try to get Doc Modisett to do his dual plane mod, if I ever get to cross a state line to get to his place.
  3. 4 points
    Greetings all. I am a long time Buick fan and am presently restoring a 1917 D35 Mclaughlin (Canada). My Grandfather purchased this car in 1920 so it is a family heirloom. My Dad drove it until 1948, then made it into a truck. It carried on until the early 70s around the farm. As you can imagine it was pretty worn out so restoration is also repair. He replaced it with a 1927 Buick small series sedan. A great project though. Here's where I started.
  4. 4 points
  5. 4 points
    Put the cowl on the frame and assembled the cab. Found the previous mounting shims and hardware then bolted the cab to the frame. Checked both rocker panels for fit and that’s where the good part of the day ended. When I originally started on the truck, the doors sagged and dragged badly. Well it turns out the problems arise again by bad prior work. The door has bad wood and metal work along with other small things so more time will be fixing bad work. I worked for about two hours trying to get the drivers door to line up and I finally almost have it right. The hinges have been bent and the door gaps are pretty big. I have to get a better look at it all to try and straighten it all out.
  6. 4 points
    Restoration Supply Co sells a product just for steering boxes that leak. It’s like molasses. But it does flow. I’ve used it for years. The box does not take a great deal so a bottle lasts years.
  7. 3 points
  8. 3 points
    This was doctored just a bit on the driver.
  9. 3 points
    Relatives of yours ?
  10. 3 points
    Accessory from 1940 and most may agree could easily fit on a car today with much truth to what is stated
  11. 3 points
    Thanks guys! im not sure if i'll try to make it fancy, or just keep it simple and drill a hole or 2, but there is some sort of drainage planned before I start prettying it all up. Im still working full time in the laboratory with all the virus stuff going around, so I didn't get the time off from a shutdown like we had been anticipating, but we do support a lot of major medical industry across various essential facets, so I get it, but I did have a lot of work planned for that time! I've been dragging my feet getting the rest of the tail panel welded in, but I've been trying to chip away at it. I had originally cut the body to match the new tailpanel, but made some changes, so that's why there was a triangular hole to fill; so poor planning rather than poor execution cutting it the first time 20200321_173444 by Dan Haas, on Flickr Just a first pass clean up, but not a million miles off 20200321_194302 by Dan Haas, on Flickr Then I started getting the nose/ radiator support and the headlight buckets cleaned up since they were the last of the removeable sheet metal that hadn't been stripped yet. The original remaining paint on the fenders and nose matched the body, but with the exception of a few dents and wrinkles in the fenders, they are in much better shape than the rest of the body and shouldn't take too much to get them finished. 20200403_200207 by Dan Haas, on Flickr 20200404_135944 by Dan Haas, on Flickr 2020-04-06_07-45-48 by Dan Haas, on Flickr 20200404_142715 by Dan Haas, on Flickr 20200404_154704 by Dan Haas, on Flickr When I took apart the headlights to get them cleaned up, unsurprisingly, I seem to be missing a few pieces to have a complete assembly. where I've been a little nervous about some part of them getting damaged/ specifically the lenses and reflectors, I decided to get them painted so I could take them home to rebuild them and keep them out of the way while the rest of the car is being worked on. Trying to spray primer on 19" long light buckets, hanging from a hook was pretty clumsy, so I spent 2 minutes making a little paint stand out of some scrap panel and exhaust tubing 20200405_095023 by Dan Haas, on Flickr From the picture, it looks a little wavy while it was wet and I thought I screwed something up, but leveled out fine 20200405_123131 by Dan Haas, on Flickr 20200405_123256 by Dan Haas, on Flickr i'll going to get the lenses and chrome rings cleaned up a bit, and mock them together to have something to look at this week, I just painted the headlights yesterday so I haven't unmasked them yet. Also, tracked down the correct cigarette lighter and receptacle. not the biggest priority, but the hole in the dash was bothering me 20200327_162330 by Dan Haas, on Flickr
  12. 3 points
    I'm still waiting for the parade of cuties that appeared to be guaranteed to come with, well, with darn near every car I've ever owned.
  13. 3 points
    For Sale on Craigslist: 1964 Dodge Dart GT convertible in Baltimore ASKING $11,900...........Call or Text 443-604-2313.........POSSIBLE TRADE Link to ad: https://baltimore.craigslist.org/cto/d/middle-river-1964-dodge-dart-gt-conv/7103282799.html (20 pictures on Craigslist ad) Seller's Description: (GOLDEN ANNIVERSARY EDITION) 50yrs.OF DODGE- 1964 DODGE DART GT CONVERTIBLE - 225 SLANT 6 - TORQUE FLIGHT AUTOMATIC TRANS LAST YEAR PUSH BUTTON TRANS- APPROX. 108xxx MILES- 1 REPAINT IN ORIGINAL ANNIVERSARY COLOR DOOR JAMS - INSIDE TRUNK AND ENGINE BAY ALSO ORIGINAL PAINT-ORIGINAL POWER TOP W/NEW BACK WINDOW- INTERIOR IS ALL ORIGINAL- ORIGINAL BROADCAST SHEET- NEW TIRES - REBUILT RADIATOR-CARB -ALTERNATOR...........ASKING $11900.00...........CALL 443-604-2313.........POSSIBLE TRADE
  14. 3 points
    Can anyone tell me why people are buying toilet paper when this is a respiratory virus ? Things are pretty quiet in Iowa now but it's coming this way and our governor refuses to put out a shelter in place order . It is very clear that states that were ahead of the curve with stay at home orders have significantly less cases and fewer deaths . Wear your masks and stay safe ! KReed ROA 14549
  15. 3 points
  16. 3 points
    You're too damn productive. Here's my quarantine project:
  17. 3 points
    I guess I don't know you are referring to. Ben
  18. 3 points
    Fenders and hood are in 2K primer...color is near! Possibly this weekend.
  19. 3 points
    My solution to the rear wheel bearing seals. I turned some holders for the new oil seals (CR 21059) using some 3.5" pipe from eBay. I riveted these onto the original base plates. I think it will work... Phil
  20. 3 points
    I pulled the old Merc out today and was able to finish sanding the roof with the aid of my newly made walking plank. I have a few spots of filler that need to be sanded out yet. I also applied seam sealer to the drip rails. The next step is to clean the under side of the drip edge where the roof rails go and the rear quarter window track. The last thing I will do before primer is pull the back window and sand all that. Then prime, sand, prime, sand some more and then paint. I hope. What I'm finding as I sand on this car is that the factory painted the car with red oxide primer first, then grey, and then paint.
  21. 3 points
    Job security. If those things didn't change once in a while, people would lose their jobs (not meaning the people on the forum). I hate changes, too.
  22. 3 points
  23. 2 points
    I would play around with the original colors of dark brown and maroon on wheels- needs a very "rich" color of each, perhaps add a pinstripe and pay very close attention to top canvas and trim. I think what the car suffered from is that it is really large, fairly tall, and fairly simple/plain - not as glitzy as similar cars of the era or even other DuPonts. And when I see brown it crosses my mind of the old dealer adage of "Stay Around Brown" aka this will not be selling fast - why brown has to be so carefully chosen. Also, time for a fresh restoration. Neat car with original photos, original build sheet, pretty known history, and ... matched to nice body style and very decent powerplant
  24. 2 points
    The latest addition! I can see the quality of parts on this vs the Wildcats. The armrest is all metal!
  25. 2 points
    RHD '65 Riviera seen in London recently. (pics from Instagram)
  26. 2 points
    I have always wondered about the "Personal Climate Controls" that some luxury cars claim they have. They state that the driver can set his controls to be 68 degrees and the passenger to be set at 72 degrees. Really, they are three feet apart, how can this work.
  27. 2 points
    Would it be possible at each National Car show and National Tour for each entry to receive an application for a new member in the packet. During the show or tour an current member gets a New member to sign up and pay for a new membership the National Club will refund the entry fee to the person that is showing their vehicle. All a current member has to do is just get one new person to join the club at each event they attend and the cost will be much less and our membership will grow. I have not seen this tried before. Would you think it may work?
  28. 2 points
  29. 2 points
    If you are on an actual computer, you can also zoom in and out by holding the control key and spinning the mouse wheel.
  30. 2 points
    Probably because people are stocking up on staples to reduce the frequency they need to shop and therefore possibly expose themselves to contamination. It would be a shame to become infected with a potentially deadly virus for the sake of a few rolls of toilet paper when one would purchase them in the same quantity in an overall time period through frequent shopping trips anyway. This is why I personally discontinued the use of toilet paper for the sake of the common good...but hoarded my favorite alcoholic beverage very early on...helps to suppress the fact my ass always itches 👍, Tom Mooney
  31. 2 points
    Hi Ken, Dont know if you realize this or not but the key must be in the "on" position for the headlight covers to close. This was made a reality by the addition of the accessory relay to the system after the beginning of the `65 model year production to pull power off the system and prevent draining the battery due to improper adjustment of the closing micro switch. Hope this helps, Tom Mooney
  32. 2 points
    I guess I am one of the lucky ones. I have had a little extra time to work on mine, and am a bit ahead of schedule now. I know spring is about to bring a couple outside home projects to soak up that extra time though.
  33. 2 points
    This is a 1913 Studebaker "25". There is a wire inside with a little ball at the end. I assume the viewing window should be glass. It is currently a piece of vinyl tubing, a relic of the pre-internet days when I would have had no idea where to get a piece of glass tubing.
  34. 2 points
    For Peter I think he knows what it feels like to be a cop - no one wants to see you, no one wants to hear from you and everyone knows exactly how you should be doing your job - oh and rarely does someone say thanks, but when they need you or want you they want you right now. The fact that 95% of the people here don't know what being a Moderator entails, myself included, says that they are doing an extremely good job. Peter has posted an opening for someone to join the ranks and with well over 400 views I'm not sure if anyone has put their hand up. Think about the last time you got a parking ticket. How mad you were at the person that wrote the ticket when that No Parking Sign was right at the front bumper of the car in plain sight and really you ought to have known better. Somehow it's still someone else's fault that you got the ticket, but when you are driving by the elementary school and all those cars are stopped in the No Stopping Zone and you really wish that there was someone writing parking tickets to all those parents because how dare they break the law, but just don't ticket me when I do it. That's the job that we are asking of the Moderator's, oh and they do it for free. To Peter and the rest of the Moderator's a big thank you. For everyone else remember the rules are clearly posted, plenty of leeway is provided, warnings are provided and it is only when you back them into a corner that you force them to take action to something that YOU did, not them.
  35. 2 points
    Dynaflash8; What are you talking about? "Upper Line Change to the Forum Page" ... what change ... what upper line? Please be gentle in your reply, as I'm not very "tech savvy". It looks to me like nothing has changed on this Forum ... Cheers, Grog
  36. 2 points
    SmoothOn Metalset A4. I swear by this stuff. We used it in the HVAC lab at Ford and I never found much it wouldn't do. I took apart a locking gas cap from a 928 Porsche I owned for awhile after getting quoted $400 for a new cap and dug out the broken nylon gears in the bottom of the cap, pieced the gear back together and made a wax female mold of the gear, poured the mold full of A4 and did a little minor filing. Now mind you this gear was under considerable pressure and was constantly bathed in gasoline and that cap never ever failed to work correctly. I've used it for all sorts of other things and it flat works. SmoothOn sells to the US Government and they have all kinds of specialty adhesives. Here is a link to their website. https://www.smooth-on.com/category/epoxy-resin/
  37. 2 points
  38. 2 points
    That is a Model 75 Chrysler roadster, not an Imperial 80. The Imperial has scallops on the hood top.
  39. 2 points
    $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$
  40. 2 points
  41. 2 points
  42. 2 points
    Seems as though all Buick’s are idle for now.... 😔 Just wish we all already had every new seal &/or parts needed for our Buick projects, so we’d all have something positive to spend our ample home time on! And than, we’d come out on the other side of this crisis with a full fleet of beautifully restored Buick’s to once again, dominate the roadways everywhere!
  43. 2 points
    Recently discovered in a warehouse where it has been languishing for the last fifty years. Has a 1965 nasty repaint. I have recent photos but am unable to share them. It’s ugly in a terrible metal flake off red barf color.........I placed a value on it for the picker who dug it up.
  44. 2 points
  45. 2 points
  46. 2 points
  47. 2 points
    I think that it has an entire 1965 front clip on it rather than modified 63 items. A real "Frankenriv."
  48. 2 points
  49. 2 points
    Still at it! Prep is almost done, trying moldings
  50. 2 points
    Here is a Q&A with experts you may find interesting. Mainly they say the risk for transmission is believed to be airborne droplets landing on mucous membrane. That could be if someone coughs or sneezes and you breathe it in or it lands on your eye. It is not believed to be transferred through food. So even if you touch something contaminated, you should be fine unless you transfer it by touching your face and getting it from your finger to your eye. The reality is that the vast majority of the transmission of this virus occurs by droplets and often in a household setting. As Dr. Reingold said, the way that we think this virus is really transmitted is by droplets generally being within six feet of someone. When the cases have been studied, most of these are from household transmission. There really isn’t any evidence to suggest that people are getting COVID-19 through food, and when you do have food related transmission you tend to see particular patterns of disease spread, and we’re not seeing it with this. We don’t not believe this virus is spread via sweat or a toilet seat, you really need to get this virus into a mucus membrane like your eye or your nose, so getting it on your skin we don’t think would result in infection. I also know of no evidence that the virus is present in sweat. KCBS Radio went to the experts to answer your most pressing questions about the coronavirus, how it spreads, and how you can best protect yourself from becoming infected. Anchor Stan Bunger posed listeners' questions to Dr. Art Reingold, Professor of Epidemiology at UC Berkeley Public Health, and Dr. Lisa Winston, a Professor of Medicine at UCSF and is the Hospital Epidemiologist at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Trauma Center. Q: How often do we need to disinfect surfaces like doorknobs if we’re sheltering in place? We only get grocery delivery and walk the neighborhood. AR: Typically what we would want would be to disinfect only if there’s been recent exposure of that surface to potential contamination. There’s no need to repeatedly decontaminate a surface unless there’s been an opportunity for it to become contaminated. Q: So, if you’ve just gone out for a walk, no problem, but if someone from the grocery service touched the door you should decontaminate it? AR: If others have touched the surfaces that you’re concerned about then yes, that would certainly be a reasonable reason to re-apply whatever decontaminating solution that you’re using. Q: If we can’t find sanitizing wipes or any other pre-made disinfectant, how do we make our own? LW: There certainly have been some difficulties finding the usual cleaning supplies. There are a variety of things that people can use in the household to clean and what’s been particularly recommended if there is somebody living in the house who does have COVID-19 is to use dilute bleach. Otherwise, people can make their own sanitizer or cleaning solution from vinegar. The CDC website has a lot of information on the different cleaners and whether they will kill the coronavirus. Just keep in mind that most of the cleaning advice that you see is in areas where there are either many people who are touching surfaces, like public areas, or when somebody in the household has coronavirus and you’re trying to prevent transmission to somebody else in the household. Q: How much bleach do you need to put into a gallon of water to get the right concentration? LW: It’s five tablespoons to a gallon in warm water, or a third of a cup. Q: If a person gets COVID-19 and survives, are they then immune to the virus or can they get it again? AR: The quick answer is, the information on this is really not understood yet. Based on what we know about some viruses, including the coronaviruses, is that immunity might be present but if it is it may only be present for a few years, it might not be lifelong the way it is with measles. The honest answer is we don't know, but there’s reason to believe that you'd probably be immune for at least a couple of years. LW: There’s no reason to believe that this coronavirus would be different from other viruses in terms of immunity. Most viruses do give you some period of time where you have immunity and you’re exposed to the same virus. Q: I’m a senior and have been hearing some things about not taking ibuprofen. I take it daily for fibromyalgia pain and some arthritis, what would your advice be? LW: This came out in a few different ways and I think caused a lot of concern, but a number of medical organizations have weighed in on this and don’t believe that there is any problem with taking ibuprofen or other drugs of the same class. Of course, we should only take medications that we need because medications can have side effects, but there is not a particular reason to avoid ibuprofen. Q: Two cars are driving one after another both are windows down, the first car driver has COVID-19 and the other doesn’t. Because you often smell smoke from passing cars, should this be a matter of concern? AR: The quick answer is no. The reality is that the vast majority of the transmission of this virus occurs by droplets and often in a household setting. I think the scenario being described, to me, would not pose a risk. Q: What’s the recommended way of disinfecting fresh produce? Can this even be done and is it safe to buy right now? LW: As Dr. Reingold said, the way that we think this virus is really transmitted is by droplets generally being within six feet of someone. When the cases have been studied, most of these are from household transmission. There really isn’t any evidence to suggest that people are getting COVID-19 through food, and when you do have food related transmission you tend to see particular patterns of disease spread, and we’re not seeing it with this. I would actually say that in terms of fresh produce, we would be more concerned about the usual things that can contaminate our fresh produce like salmonella. We should always do a good job of thoroughly washing our produce before we eat it, but I don’t think it’s necessary to discontinue getting fresh produce and I don’t think there’s any data to suggest that getting it from one place rather than another place would be safer. Q: Can the COVID-19 virus be spread via a sick person’s sweat contaminating a surface? Also, do the paper toilet seat covers in restrooms do any good? AR: We don’t not believe this virus is spread via sweat or a toilet seat, you really need to get this virus into a mucus membrane like your eye or your nose, so getting it on your skin we don’t think would result in infection. I also know of no evidence that the virus is present in sweat. Q: I’ve heard the virus is more prevalent in people with Type A blood, is this true and if so, why? LW: There’s a study that came out of China that looked at a number of their cases in which they had blood typing available and compared it with the blood types in the general population. What they found was that people with blood type A were slightly over-represented in the group that did have COVID-19. Even though this result was statistically significant, the difference in the percentages was quite small. There were certainly people who had other blood types who had COVID-19. The difference seems to be rather small and that study has yet to be peer-reviewed, meaning it hasn’t been looked at by experts. As far as I know, that’s the only study describing it. I haven’t seen that in other populations. There are other organisms like norovirus where your ability to get the disease is affected by your blood type. So it’s an interesting observation, but it’s probably a small effect. Q: I’ve read the virus might live up to 24 hours on porous surfaces such as cardboard, is there any concern about virus transmission on the mail or your newspaper? AR: Those are laboratory studies that have been done recently, I believe in the Netherlands, to study whether the virus is viable or still detectable on various surfaces. We don’t really have any evidence that we’re having transmission to be people via paper and plastic, but these studies do suggest that there can be survival on plastic or certain types of metal, like steel, for a number of hours and somewhat more briefly on paper and cardboard. We really don’t know the significance of that with regard to human infections at the moment. Q: I’m a senior and cancer patient, most of the COVID-19 deaths come from people like me. Obviously, underlying health conditions can come of varying seriousness, but what is the percentage of seniors with underlying health conditions that contract the disease but survive it? LW: This is a good question and I know it’s a source of anxiety for many people. We don’t yet really have these data broken down by particular health conditions. We do have them broken down by age, and we do know that starting at around age 50, you start to get small increases in the people that have more severe disease. As we go through each decade to those who are over 80, the chances of dying from the disease go up. But at every age group, even though the risk goes up, many people will still have more mild or moderate disease, which is the rule of thumb and much more likely for those that are younger. I would say that it is important to be concerned if you have underlying health conditions or if you are older, so it’s very appropriate to try to keep yourself from getting this virus and following the public health recommendations. We can’t really say for a particular type of cancer exactly what the risk is compared with the general population that doesn’t have it Q: I’m concerned about the transmission of the virus through mosquitos, given that summer is right around the corner, is this a worry? AR: We have no evidence whatsoever that any coronavirus is transmitted via mosquitos or other insects. Q: Are all the COVID-10 tests manufactured the same in regards to sensitivity and specificity? LW: Whenever we’re doing testing we always think about sensitivity and specificity. Sensitivity is the ability of the test to detect the disease when it is present and specificity is if you get a positive result that you do in fact have the disease. The tests we’re using are PCR-based tests that are very specific. If you find the virus present, it suggests that it truly is there. The sensitivity can depend on a variety of things, it can depend on exactly how the sample is collected and how early in the disease you are testing someone. AR: Like many things, we’re still learning a lot about the characteristics of the PCR test, at the same time that blood tests are being developed. The more important point to make about the PCR test is that we don’t know with 100% certainty whether a positive PCR test means that you are still infected infectious to others, and secondly you could be truly negative today and two days later be truly positive because the virus wasn’t there at one point and then was there two days later. So, interpreting these tests can be quite difficult and we still have a lot to learn. Q: I see a lot of people wearing masks, should I be wearing one and if so what kind? LW: Health care systems are thinking a lot about this and we know that many people in the community are thinking about this, and when you turn on the TV or walk down the street you see people doing a variety of things. Health care workers are using very specific types of masks or respirators for protection when they are caring for patients who are known, or are suspected to have, disease. In terms of the general public, the two things that are more important than wearing a mask are keeping your distance from other people — this is a virus that doesn’t spread far, it only spreads within six feet — and then keeping your hands clean. There’s not a specific public health recommendation to wear a mask, but if you do choose to wear a mask, you can wear whatever is comfortable and available to you. I think people should note that the main thing that you’ll be doing if you're wearing a regular mask in public is that you will be preventing your cough from infecting other people. Your mask may not necessarily be filtering the air to protect you. Q: It seems like we would have to stay isolated until everyone has somehow been inoculated. That could take a year or more if it takes that long to get a vaccination. If that’s not the case, why not? AR: We’re certainly not going to have a safe and effective vaccine for at least another 12-18 months, that’s not coming to our rescue. In theory, if we all became naturally infected an immune, or the vast majority of us did, then we would have herd immunity and in essence the outbreak would end in the absence of a vaccine. I think in the meantime what we’re trying to do is minimize the risk of exposure to people while we don’t have population-level immunity, particularly the frail elderly, so that they don’t become ill while we wait for better therapeutics and for a vaccine. Q: How does the virus get tracked into a home, by shoes when returning from a communal site? Should we remove our shoes or disinfect the soles when we get home? LW: Many people are thinking about this, and in fact health care workers are thinking about this too when they come home from a healthcare or hospital setting. This has been looked at in at least a few small studies and it doesn’t look like clothes and shoes are something that is contributing very much as to how this virus is being spread. They can occasionally be contaminated, but that is really in a health care environment taking care of a patient who has COVID-19. I’m not aware of any studies that say going for a walk contaminates your shoes, but if it’s something that worries you, many people take their shoes off outside before they enter their home. There’s nothing wrong with doing that, it’s pretty easy if it’ll make you feel better. And if it makes you feel better to wipe them down with a damp paper towel, it would be perfectly fine to do that. I would not go to great lengths to do something that’s difficult or inconvenient because this is not going to significantly affect your risk of getting coronavirus. Q: Should people assume that this is more easily transmissible than the flu or common cold? LW: The data on that are also continuing to come out. I think what we know is this virus is pretty transmissible, but it actually does not seem to be more transmissible than the flu or a cold. When we’re testing for this in our hospitals and clinics, we’re also testing for the other viruses like influenza, and we are finding those viruses in very large numbers when we look for them. This virus does not seem to be more transmissible than the other commonly transmitted respiratory viruses. Those viruses are very common. Q: Do you know of a good website that would list the survival rate or time on given surfaces? LW: The CDC website actually compiles a lot of information. For those who want to know exactly what’s been shown, a quick web search will bring up the New England Journal article and the information from that. It’s widely quoted and available, so I think people will be able to find it pretty easily. Q: Social distancing — does that distance account for wind or is it kind of a made up number? LW: It’s not a made up number, it’s more of a practical number, the real number is actually more like 3 feet. These droplets are pretty heavy, so when you look at how far it’s likely to go when someone coughs, it’s not very likely to go more than three feet, but at the outside edge of that is six feet so there’s already some built in wiggle room. If you use that as an estimate I think that you’ll be in good stead, and if you’re worried about a windy day you can always give it a little more. It’s really just not being right up next to someone. Q: Do you have any sense when testing will become more widely available? LW: As people may or may not be aware, testing has become much more widely available than it was even a week ago and especially more than two weeks ago. Depending on where people get their health care, they may still find that their clinic isn’t testing or have trouble finding the tests, but the tests have become pretty widely available. Sometimes, people might want to get tested even though they don’t have symptoms because they’re worried, most systems right now are focusing on testing people who have symptoms. The other thing that people may have heard that I think is really a concern is whether we’re going to continue to have all the things that we need to continue to scale up and do testing. There are some concerns about the swabs being in short supply, and also the liquid this gets transported in being in short supply. People are furiously working on that and also looking at new tests, like blood tests, that might be available relatively soon. Testing has very much improved from where it was, though it’s still not quite where it needs to be, and it’s probably going to be changing in the next few weeks. Q: If I’m asymptomatic, how long am I contagious? LW: I’m not going to fully answer this question, but for people who test positive who are known to have the disease, there are two recommended ways for knowing when you’re not infected anymore. There’s a way called the ‘non-test’ version and a way called the ‘test version.’ With the ‘non-test’ version, you need to be at least seven days from the onset of your symptoms and your fever has to be gone for at least three days without taking a medicine that reduces your fever, and you have to be feeling better. If all those things happen, it’s thought that you’re not infectious anymore. With the test version, after a period of time has elapsed, you get swabbed again — you get two swabs 24 hours apart and after both of those come back negative it’s assumed that you can’t transmit anymore. In terms of the swabs, we know that we can detect the RNA, the presence of the virus, for a pretty long time after people have been sick, but that may not mean that they are still infectious. That can detect whether or not a virus is still alive and whether or not it can infect other people. If it’s gone, presumably you can’t infect anyone, but some people who have that test being positive probably can’t infect anyone either. Q: Last question, can sanitizing UV light systems already installed in hospitals be used to sanitize the used masks and gowns to extend the life of PPEs? LW: People are looking at this very actively, the University of Nebraska has been a real leader in pioneering this. People are very actively looking at this and seeing how it will work, as well as other methods like chemical methods to disinfect PPE. There are not many data points yet and there are some logistical challenges in making sure that your PPE or your mask is appropriately exposed to the UV light. You actually have to make sure all the surfaces are exposed, so it may not always be the most straightforward processes but many places are looking to see if this will work for them.